What is Anxiety:
Anxiety is a psychological state of apprehension or fear caused by the anticipation of an unpleasant situation or dangerous.
The word “anxiety” has its origin in the Latin anxietas, which means “distress”, “anxiety”, anxius = “disturbed”, “ill at ease”, anguere = “squeeze”, “choke”.
The framework of anxiety is accompanied by symptoms of tension, in that the focus of danger early can be internal or external.
Considered, to some extent, a natural reaction of the human being, useful to adapt and react to situations from fear or anticipation, the anxiety becomes pathological when it reaches a value of extreme, systematic and widespread, in that it starts to interfere with the healthy functioning of the individual’s life.
The most common causes of anxiety pathology are:
- Generalized anxiety;
- Panic attacks;
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder;
- Syndrome post traumatic stress;
- Disorder manic-depressive.
Types of Anxiety
- Generalized anxiety:excessive Worry and unrealistic before routine daily tasks of life, such as employment, health and small problems of daily life;
- Phobias:excessive Fear and irrational before an object or situation;
- Disorder Panic: panic Attacks repeated without apparent cause;
- Obsessive-Compulsive disorder:the Presence of ideas, thoughts, impulsivity, or images, are considered intrusive and inappropriate and that cause anxiety, but the person feels unable to control;
- The syndrome of Post-Traumatic Stress disorder:the Emergence of a set of characteristic symptoms after an event extremely stressful and traumatic.
The anxiety is caused by external events and internal conflicts, that is, of psychological and biological nature, and there is no one single triggering factor of anxiety.
The treatment of anxiety must associate the use of psychotropic drugs with psychotherapy, to treat the biological cause, and to promote the resolution of psychological conflicts that may be in your source.