What is Infertility

Sterilitet″t is a disease or condition of the reproductive system, most often diagnosed when a couple has had a year of genital contact without protective equipment And although it didn’t work if the woman becoming pregnant or in the family experienced several miscarriages.

Who gets this condition?

Sterilitet″t is a medical problem. Approximately 35% of infertility is due to a problem with my woman adrugi 35% of problems with her husband. The percentages are equal, in which sterilitet″t due to problems and pridvamata accounts, or cannot be understood. In Bulgaria the couples of reproductive age with podobniproblemi are over 250 000.

Could it be prevent sterilitet″t?

Sterilitet″t is a disease. In some cases, you can take steps to prevent it, but not vpovečeto.

What are the signs and symptoms? 

Often there are no signs or symptoms that may be associated with infertility.Explore Your body nasobstvenoto, as well as preventive checkups can help in finding the problem. Rannotootkrivane and treatment of problems in pregnancy can be key actions for more natat″šnauspešna pregnancy.

What types of infertility?

According to internetdict, causes of infertility may be due to problems in the woman, man issues, problems and pridvamata partners or so-called unexplained infertility.

In which days a woman is most fertile? 

The day starts Your menstrual cycle is day 1. The likely day for ovulation around day 14 (at 28dneven). Then released an egg ready for fertilization. It is viable for about 24 hours in my writing is the best time for fertilization. Not all women, of course, have ovulation to day 14. In nâkoinast″pva earlier, in others later. Some women even have no ovulation. Can you ovulate on different denvseki month. Even if you have a regular menstrual cycle, this does not mean that you had always ovulate.

How a woman can understand that there are ovulation?

One way to understand this is by measuring the basal temperature each morning and recording in the table, as well as keeping track of the type of cervical mucus. Three or four cycles are sufficient to b″datpredstaveni graphics on your doctor. You can also use the ovulation tests which are sold vaptečnata network.
How often should be carried out sexual contact?

Sperm can live for about 48 hours in the female reproductive tract. It is very important to have a polovikontakti in the day around the day of ovulation.Remember that every woman has a different day ovulation in n. For dauveličite your chances do not take a shower and do not use lubricants immediately before and after intercourse.

How long do I have to do before baby attempts to visit a doctor?

Most doctors recommend not to worry if you attempt less than a year, when you are under 35godini. If you’re over 35, this period is 6 months. If you’re over 30 and you had any gynaecological disease, miscarriages, irregular cycles or your partner has a small number of viable sperm, there’s no point in dačakate year. Many couples encounter difficulties with this to acknowledge that there is any problem with them. After vsekicik″l you say “will become the next month”. When these hopes vanish comes time to posetiginekolog.

Drinking and smoking?

Alcohol, tobacco and marijuana are the enemies of fertility. A good idea is also to ograničitekofeina.

What are the hidden aspects of infertility?

Sterilitet″t in most cases is a significant crisis in the life of a family. The experiences connected with him many individual cable tangling hidden losses for them, for their loved ones, as well as for society as a whole, which include:

-deprivation of pregnancy and birth-related experiences;
-deprivation of genetically for the genus;
-passing parenting;
-discrepancy with grandchildren and experiences related to them;
-a sense of inferiority;
-reduce the stability of the family;
-reduce the productivity professional;
-loss of spirituality and hope for the future.

Due to the fact that sterilitet″t intertwined from the privacy basic feelings and decisions, he erazgleždal as a personal matter and is rarely discussed in public forums.

The personal nature of the experiences associated with infertility contributes to the failure of society to gorazpoznae as a disease and thus creates an Eclipse and silence with regard to knowledge nasteriliteta.

Sterilitet″t has had a strong influence on personal sebeocenâvane and motivation. Suddenly the life that was well planned and success seemed to go out out of control. Meeting with the disappointment of not being able to sezabremenee month after month leads to depression.

What are the risk factors?

Many of the risk factors are the same for men and for women. They include:

  • Age: the woman’s age can affect her fertility.A 40 years old woman’s chance of pregnancy dadostigne is reduced from 90 to 67%. The 45 years the chance of getting pregnant drops to 15%. Sterilitet″t pripo-mature women can be accompanied by increased risk of chromosomal abnormalities, which are priâjcekletkite with their aging. The greater age are more likely and health problems that can daokažat the influence of fertility. The risk of miscarriage increases with advancing age. Even if you don’t go, you’re in a risk group, threatened by sterility, now remember that fertility namalâvas age. Women in their late 30s are 30% less fertile than those in the early 20s.
    If you are over 30 years old and doing experiments of 6 months or more, it’s time to visit a specialist
    .
  • Emotional factors:
    Depression and stress may have a direct effect on hormones that reguliratreproduktivnite functions and can affect sperm production and ovulation.
  • Occupational risks and risks related to the environment:
    In many studies mentioned čeprod″lžitelnoto exposure to stressful situations, high temperatures, chemicals, pesticides, radiation or silnielektromagnitni or microwave emissions can reduce fertility and of men and women.
  • Promiscuous sex:
    Many sexual partners and practicing unprotected sex (condoms) may increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, which can lead to steriliteti in men and in women.
  • Smoking:
    Smoking increases the risk of infertility in women and reduces the production naspermatozoidi in men.
  • Alcohol use:
    Even taking alcohol in moderation-about five drinks per week can impede conception.
  • Overweight:
    Body fat levels by 10 to 15% above normal may overload the body sestrogen.
  • Underweight:
    Fatty levels by 10 to 15% below normal can completely stop the reproductive process.Vriskovata group includes women with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia, women of mnogonisko caloric and a strict diet. Strict vegetarians can also cause similar problems poradilipsata of important nutrients such as vitamin B-12, zinc, iron, and folic acid.
    Runners of the d″lgirazstoâniâ, the dancers and other professions associated with intense physical exercise are more predrazpoloženik″m disturbances in menstrual cycle and reduce fertility.
  • Myth:
    Some of them may have no symptoms, transfer more easily at the woman and can dadovedat to pelvic inflammation.Usloženiâta are more common in women and can later lead to sores, miscarriages, adhesions, blockage of the tubes, ectopic pregnancy, that is, the sterilitet″t may epričinen of venereal diseases. Their early detection and treatment is very important. Treated and dvamatapartn′ori, even if only one of them is infected.
  • Hormonal imbalance:
    Cycle with a duration of six days of bleeding, shorter than 24 days or longer than 35 days, irregular and unpredictable cycles, increased facial hair, acne on the face and back.
  • Problems with the fallopian tubes:
    About 20% of cases of infertility due to fallopian tube problems.
    If there is a problem with the conception or worry about the future, consult a doctor if you have had:
    -venereal diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia;
    -pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, bleeding;
    -pelvic surgery for ruptured appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts;
    -two or more abortions.
  • Endometriosis:
    This is a disease in which observe distribution of endometrial tissue izv″nmatkata-ovaries, fallopian tubes.Can be observed in all women with menstruation, including and teens. Not established an exact relationship between endometriosis and infertility, but still rannotodiagnosticirane can control the spread.
    If you have any of these symptoms, you need to tell their doctor:
    -pain during the cycle, which are getting worse over time;
    -very strong bleeding throughout the cycle;
    -diarrhea around the beginning of menstruation;
    painful sexual intercourse.
  • This is a hereditary disease.
    It is important, if you have a history of this disease in your family, to uvedomitelekarâ.The diagnosis is established by laparoscopy.
  • Medical problems in men:
    To infertility may result:
    -operation of the hernia;
    -nespusnali’s testicles in scrotal bag;
    -diseases of the prostate or genital infections;
    -drawn mumps after puberty;
    -varicocele varicose veins – of the testicles.
    Here are some of the factors that may affect male fertility:
    -exposure to toxic substances, radioactive, poisonous gases;
    -smoking, marijuana, alcohol, use of drugs;
    -some medications;
    -the high temperatures to which they are exposed testicles;
    hot tubs and saunas.

How do you cure sterilitet″t? 

New medical reproductive technologies today give a response to the many questions and offer opportunities and zarazlični treatments and problems in men and in women who are trying to conceive a child of hormonalnotolečenie, stimulaciâta of ovulation and IUI to developed reproductive techniques such as in vitro, ICSI, etc.

What medications are used?

There are a variety of medications that are used for the treatment of infertility.It is important that knows all these drugs and their acceptance shall apply only on medical prescription and in specialenplan of acceptance. Otherwise, they not only won’t help, but it is possible to have dangerous consequences otsamovolnoto acceptance.

What is artificial insemination?

For artificial insemination is most often uses the term “intrauterine insemination (IUI), that eprocedura, which is most commonly applied to couples with unexplained infertility, slightly degraded performance analysis for the otsemenniâ man and the cervical mucus in women. This is a procedure in which sperm from wife or meantto be used by donor, enrichment and purification of semen and injecting a woman’s vmatkata her at the time of ovulation.

What is IVF? 

In vitro fertilization, IVF (In Vitro fertilization), leads its name from the fact that fertility izv″ršvaizv″n the woman’s body. Commonly used medications that stimulate the female reproductive organida produce a larger number of eggs, which are collected in a special probe. After a successful fertilization of teziâjcekletki, the embryos are returned to the womb of a woman.

Sterilitet″t can be treated surgically. 

In some cases, sterilitet″t can be treated surgically, and when the man and the woman. The most common treatment shall apply in an operational way in varicocele, and when the woman resorting to surgery for endometriosis, priproblemi related to the pipes, etc..